When you find yourself looking into dental implants, you may be faced with the problem of needing a bone graft. When a tooth is lost due to an injury, decay or trauma, the jawbone around the missing tooth may begin to deteriorate. This can happen quickly without the tooth around to stimulate the jawbone. If the length of time is long enough, the jawbone may deteriorate to the point that there may not be enough bone with which to place dental implants. If this is the case, your dentist may recommend that you have a bone grafting procedure to fix your jawbone.
Three Types Of Bone Graft Procedures
The first is autogenous grafts. This is when bone is taken from one area of the patient’s body and transplanted into the mouth in the location where it needs to be restored. Because you have non-essential bones in your body, you may be able to give up some of the bone without noticing a difference. In order to reduce the chance of rejection or infection, this type of bone grafting is preferable because the bone comes from the body of the patient.
The second type of bone grafting is allografts. In this situation, the bone used in the graft will typically come from a cadaver whose bones have been donated for these purposes. When you have this type of graft, all the bones are screened very carefully to ensure that they are safe for placement in your body.
The third and final type of bone graft is a xenografts. In these types of grafts, the bone used will come from a non-human source, most often a cow. Benefits of these last two types of dental bone grafts are that it is easy to obtain large amounts of bone in a small amount of time.
What to Expect From The Procedure
First, a local anesthesia will be used to numb the area that is receiving the graft. The dentist then makes an incision in the area to see exactly how much bone is needed.
Second, a cut is made to expose the chin bone to remove the part that is needed for the graft. The area is then stitched up and the bone is moved to the jaw area and screwed into place.
Finally, a mixture of marrow and bone grafting materials may be placed around the area to encourage speedy healing.
Once the procedure is completed, you will have a very restricted diet and may be put on an antibiotic to avoid infection. Once you have given your mouth around six months to heal, your dental implants can then be placed.