Tooth extraction is a fairly common process in most dental offices.  The level of severity and type of extraction will vary depending on the patient and the conditions.  There are several reasons a tooth extraction may be necessary. And although it is a simple procedure that is performed regularly by most dentists, a local anesthetic will be used to ensure that the patient is numb and can avoid as much pain as possible.

Two Different Types Of Extractions

The first type of extraction is called a simple extraction.  These procedures are performed when Dr. Toms uses forceps to move the tooth back and forth until it is removed while the area is under a local anesthetic so the patient is not in pain.  Simple extractions are done on teeth that can be seen in the mouth, and are a fairly simple form of dental work.

The second type of tooth removal is called a surgical extraction.  This type is done on teeth that have either broken off at the patient’s gum line, or on teeth that have never come in, such as wisdom teeth.  In this procedure, the gums must be pulled back so the tooth can be removed.  While local anesthetic may be used, many times a dentist may prefer for the patient to have general anesthesia to avoid pain and simplify the procedure.

Necessary Reasons For Tooth Removal

Since tooth removal is a fairly common part of dental work, there are many reasons that a patient may need to have a tooth extracted. Here are a few of the more common reasons:

• Gum disease that is considered severe
• Infection in the tooth or severe decay in the tooth
• Extra teeth in the mouth
• A tooth that is fractured
• To open up space for a dentures or a bridge
• To make room for orthodontics, such as braces

Good dental hygiene will help you to avoid needing this procedure.  Decay can be controlled by brushing and flossing, and infection can often be treated with an antibiotic.

While tooth removal is a fairly simple procedure, most dentists will prefer to attempt to save the tooth before making the choice to pull it.  A dentist will usually prefer to keep all your teeth in your mouth before doing something drastic.  If there is no other option to dealing with the problem, and the dentist has tried everything else, the doctor and patient may make a decision to go with an extraction.

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